Guidelines for Visits and Trips
Many youth club leaders have families of their own and are quite used to organising family outings. But youth club visits and trips involve larger numbers and it follows that there will be an expectation that extra care will be taken on the part of those in charge. Whether you are planning a visit to the local ice skating rink or thinking about going further afield, the over-riding consideration must be for the safety of the young people and adults involved.
Inevitably, some challenging activities will carry an element of risk, either to participants or property. However, consideration of these risks at the planning stage will go a long way to reducing and managing them. There are three categories of visits:
- Local visit e.g. local ice rink, local environmental project
- Residential e.g. involving at least one overnight stay
- ·Adventurous Activities e.g. abseiling, rifle shooting, etc
The guidelines set out in the following pages apply only to visits organised within mainland UK. More detailed guidelines apply for visits abroad.
The more advance planning which can be done the smoother will be the preparations. So allow plenty of time. You will feel less pressure and be able to think about the extra details which can make the difference between an average outing and a more memorable one for the young people (and more enjoyable for you).
Set up a small working group which should include some of the young people who will be involved in the visit. This will increase their understanding of the planning required and provide a valuable link with the other participants in adopting an acceptable code of conduct during the trip. Ideally, an experienced Group Leader and deputy should be appointed who will have responsibility for the following:
- To manage the group and lead the accompanying adult team
- To brief the young people, parents and adult team
- To determine the appropriate level of first aid/medical need and nominate the appropriate responsible adult
- To actively involve the young people in the risk assessment management process
- To agree procedure to be followed should an emergency occur and appoint a person designated as Home Contact
Other accompanying adults should be clear about their individual roles and responsibilities and all should be aware of Health & Safety issues. In addition, CRB clearance will be necessary for additional adult helpers required to satisfy supervision ratios. For assistance with CRB checks you should contact the Action4Youth office. Adults should be allocated particular tasks depending on their experience/qualifications in relation to the programme and will probably include:
- first aid
- pastoral care
Adult/young people ratios will depend on the make up of the group and the activity involved. However, as a guide, the recommended ratios are:
- Local visits – 1 adult/10 young people
- Residential Visits/Adventurous activities – 1 adult/5 young people
Where adventurous activities are involved any additional criteria laid down by trained instructors must be strictly adhered to.
This is an important part of organising a visit, especially as you will want to make it accessible to every young person. Work out detailed costings before committing to a visit and consider the following:
- Transport (including fuel if hiring a self-drive vehicle)
- Entrance/Activity fees
- Clothing and equipment to be bought or hired separately
- Accommodation (if an overnight trip)
- Emergency Fund
When your costings are clear you will need to decide whether you can afford to subsidise the costs from club funds. Fundraising for a particular visit is another option and this is a good way of involving parents in the club. You may even discover they have some useful skills to offer the Management Committee.
It is strongly recommended that separate accounts are kept for each trip. (See Appendix 2:7 for a sample). These should be available for inspection at the post event meeting.
3.Information for Parents
Written permission must be obtained from parents/guardians for all young people to participate in activities. The initial information supplied to parents/guardians must specify the activities involved to allow them to make an informed decision as to their son’s/daughter’s participation. Any changes to the plans, particularly where the risks involved might be greater than those described earlier, must be relayed to parents. You should also ensure at this stage that you have the necessary Photography Permission Forms completed (See Part 1 - Appendix 13a)
(See Appendices 2:8 and 2:2 for a sample Letter to Parents and Consent Form for visits/events)
For residential events or adventurous activities, parents/guardians need to be aware of your plans and a meeting with them is an essential part of the planning process. Two weeks before the event is a good time to arrange this meeting and all adults leading and accompanying the group, including the Home Contact, should be present. This will be an ideal opportunity for sharing your plans, making the itinerary available, ensuring all necessary paperwork has been completed and returned and also to show samples of appropriate clothing required. This is also a good time to seek some practical support from parents e.g. loading and unloading equipment etc.
It is also likely that some parents will wish to discuss the individual needs of their son/daughter and you should set aside time so that this can be done privately at the end of the meeting.
If parents are unable to attend the meeting and cannot meet the group leader at another time, it is recommended that a letter be sent containing all the information relayed at the meeting.
Wherever possible, a pre-event visit is strongly recommended. In some cases, this will be essential in carrying out your risk assessment management plan. In addition, it will assist in establishing a rapport with the staff at the venue, checking accommodation arrangements, building up your knowledge of the local area and services available, transport links, accessibility etc. (see Appendix 2:9 for a sample Provider Checklist) It is quite likely that you will need to alter some of your initial plans as a result of this visit.
Your visit should reveal potential causes of harm or injury. The sample Risk Assessment Form (Part 1 - Appendix 7) should be used to show that a proper check has been made taking account of the participants. If you are visiting commercial organisations, they will have their own Risk Assessment which may also be obtained from their website. If the visit is taking place under the auspices of a national organisation it should provide you with a copy of its own Risk Assessment policy.
A fire safety check also needs to be carried out when away from the usual meeting place. Familiarise yourself with the fire drill which exists at the new venue; be aware of the location of fire exists and assembly points outside the building. You should also make sure that fire exits are kept clear and that they will open in an emergency.
All commercial providers should have their own Public Liability Insurance cover. It is always advisable to contact your insurance brokers to check that the cover you have is suitable for the trip/visit you have planned.
Trips may require the hiring of transport depending on numbers taking part. Your initial enquiries should cover cost, availability and whether the vehicle is fitted with seatbelts, first aid kit and has fire extinguishers on board. East Side Youth Centre is a member of a minibus scheme with its own rules as to driver experience and qualifications.
As a minimum it is required that the driver:
- Be over 25 years old
- Hold a current full driver’s licence
- Have at least 2 years’ driving experience
it is essential that a second adult accompanies the driver. For residential events there must be at least two adults within the party who have been approved as drivers.
Your First Aid Kit should be accessible and stocked (See Appendix 2:10) For non-local or residential visits, the adult responsible for first aid should have a current first aid certificate and contact information for the nearest doctor, hospital and emergency services should this be required.
The following are the main tasks for the person nominated as responsible for first aid:
- To arrange the place, time and procedure for routine medical attention
- To keep a log of injuries and illnesses occurring during the visit and the treatment administered (See Appendix 14 in Part 1)
- To ensure that parents are informed of any treatment administered during the visit. This may require discussion with the group leader and, in the case of more serious issues, informing parents immediately rather than waiting until the group returns home
- Where medical treatment has been administered by a qualified person the parents receive a written record together with relevant notes, X-rays, prescriptions etc.
- On return, transfer to the club’s own files all details which need to be recorded, even though the staff at the centre at which the group stayed have themselves reported the incident
- Where there is serious illness/incident/injury, in conjunction with the group leader, prepare a report with a witness statement where possible, about the events leading up to the incident and the action taken. These notes should be kept with the accident/incident records.
This should be a responsible adult who is able to be contacted at any time during the visit and who is, preferably, not related to any member of the group. The Home Contact will be responsible for implementing that part of the emergency procedure to be applied at local level and hold the following information:
- Full details of the visit including location, travel plans, duration, activities
- Names of all participants with next of kin and emergency contact numbers for each
In the event of an incident, the following procedures should apply:
- Ensure that the incident is dealt with and recorded appropriately
- Ensure that young people do not use their mobile phones until after the Home Contact has been informed and permission is given by the leader
- The Home Contact is informed of the incident and any further action to be taken.
- Home Contact to contact parents to report action already taken or to be taken
- Home Contact to contact the Chairman of the Management Committee
It is recommended that an emergency procedure be considered at the planning stage for any event, particularly those involving a residential or adventurous activities. In situations involving severe injury, possible criminal offences or media interest, the group leader should:
- Keep calm
- Ensure the safety of other members of the party including staff
- Listen as impartially as possible to all parties involved
- Avoid admitting liability or expressing personal opinions
- Compile a detailed report about the accident/incident and subsequent developments
- Ensure the Home Contact is informed about what has happened, who is involved and what action has been taken/will be taken
The organiser of a large event, as well as any commercial provider involved, will be fully aware of the emergency procedure and will help accordingly.
Residential visits involving hazardous activities
The following is a list of matters to be checked:
You must ensure that commercial providers have a licence to run adventurous activities. This should be shown on their publicity leaflets. Look for AALA – Adventure Activities Licensing Authority with accompanying kite mark or LOTC – Learning Outside the Classroom accreditation.
Prior to departure a detailed plan should be obtained showing:
- Your location on site
- Floor plan of accommodation (particularly the ground floor)
- Sole/joint occupancy
- Where adults are situated
- Sleeping arrangements
- Location of other groups in residence
- Whether or not the public has access to the site
You should check that all instructors are fully qualified for the activities they are carrying out.
See preceding paragraph (d)
Risk Assessment: You should ask the commercial provider for his written Risk Assessment Policy. If attending an event organised via a national organisation, e.g. UK Youth, you should ask to see its written policy.
Safeguarding Policy: The commercial provider should have its own Safeguarding Policy and have incorporated this within its recruitment process.
Final Checklist : Appendix 2:11 contains a sample final checklist covering everything which needs to be checked.
After the event, a date should be set for an evaluation meeting to which parents/guardians will also be invited. This meeting should have three aims:
- To show the extent to which the aims of the visit were met
- To review the planning process
- To improve the planning and operation of future visits
The staff team should prepare their own assessment of the visit and contributions from the young people who participated are also desirable. By planning the meeting in this way, there should be time for you to display photos/video footage and include the young people’s personal accounts of the visit.